Evaluation of Serum Vitamin-D Levels in Patients with Alopecia Areata

  • Aniqua Khalid Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Farid ur Rehman Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Asma Javed Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Keywords: Alopecia areata, Autoimmune diseases, Vitamin-D deficiency

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate serum vitamin-D levels in patients with Alopecia areata compared to healthy controls.

Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Dermatology Outpatient Department, Fauji Foundation Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Nov 2019 to Apr 2020.

Methodology: The study included 70 patients with Alopecia areata (Group-1) and 70 healthy controls (Group-2). Complete blood count, TSH, urea and creatinine, fasting plasma glucose, liver function tests, serum Calcium and vitamin-D levels were performed.

Results: The mean vitamin-D levels of Group-1 were 38.28±22.07ng/mL, and the mean vitamin-D levels of Group-2 were 39.61±18.36ng/mL. In Group-1, deficient vitamin-D levels were seen in 14(20.0%) of Group-1, and insufficient in 19(27.1%) and 37(52.9%) had normal levels. In Group-2, 10(14.3%) had deficient levels, 16(25.0%) had insufficient levels and 44(62.9%) had normal levels. No statistically significant difference seen between Group-1 and Group-2.

Conclusion: There is no association between vitamin D level and Alopecia Areata.

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Published
2023-01-11
How to Cite
Khalid, A., Rehman, F. ur, & Javed, A. (2023). Evaluation of Serum Vitamin-D Levels in Patients with Alopecia Areata. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(6), 2193-96. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i6.7227
Section
Original Articles