Hemodialysis Access Outcome in Elderly Population and its Association with Mortality

  • Anum Arif Combined Military Hospital, Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Ahsin Manzoor Bhatti Combined Military Hospital, Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Aima Sohail Combined Military Hospital, Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Usman Jamil Combined Military Hospital, Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Sabih Nofil Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Bismah Riaz Combined Military Hospital, Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
Keywords: Access, Arteriovenous fistula elderly, Hemodialysis, Old age, Pakistan, Vascular access

Abstract

Objective: to determine the outcome of arteriovenous fistula in the elderly compared to the younger age group and its association with mortality so that the best approach to hemodialysis access can be defined.

Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Vascular Surgery, CMH, Lahore Pakistan, from Jan 2020 to Aug 2021.

Methodology: All the Patients who presented to access the Surgical Clinic were categorized into three groups according to their age. Outcome variables like fistula maturation, complications and mortality were compared according to age groups.

Result: A total of 184 patients were recruited. We found that in the age group >70 years, there was male predominance (12, 54.5%), three-quarters of them were on hemodialysis at the time of access surgery, only half of them were functional at one year of follow-up, and 6 (27.3%) were not alive at the time of contact. In addition, the pseudo aneurysm was the most common complication in this group, which was the most dreadful of all access-related complications and further put the already frail at risk.

Conclusion: No single optimal approach can be expected to meet the needs of all, and an extensive patient-centred case-based discussion is required for each patient in the hope that optimal dialysis access can be created. Age cannot be defined as an independent risk factor for access creation.

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Published
2022-08-26
How to Cite
Arif, A., Bhatti, A., Sohail, A., Jamil, U., Nofil, S., & Riaz, B. (2022). Hemodialysis Access Outcome in Elderly Population and its Association with Mortality. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(4), 1159-63. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i4.7055
Section
Original Articles