Frequency of Different Neuropsychiatric Manifestations of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan

  • Naeem Ullah Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar Pakistan
  • Saqib Adnan Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar Pakistan
  • Syed Hassan Mustafa Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar Pakistan
  • Suleman Khan Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar Pakistan
  • Ibrar Hussain Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar Pakistan
  • Saleem Ullah Lady Reading Hospital Peshawar Pakistan
Keywords: Anti ds DNA, Demyelinating disease, Neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus, Seizures

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of different neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Division of Rheumatology Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan, from Sep 2020 to Feb 2021.

Methodology: 31 patients who fulfilled the 2019 ACR/EULAR criteria for SLE diagnosis were included in the study. Different features of neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus were recorded on a proforma.

Results: Our study sample included 27 females and four males. Most of the patients were young, with a mean age of 23.12 ± 10.74 years. All patients had positive Anti-nuclear antibodies (100%), while anti-double standard DNA antibody was found in 21 patients (67. 74%). Seizures were the most common neuropsychiatric feature, i.e., found in 18 patients (58%), followed by headache (25.8%), acute confusional state (25.8%) and CNS demyelinating disease (19.3%).

Conclusion: We found that seizures, headache and acute confusional state were the most common neuropsychiatric manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus.

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Published
2022-06-25
How to Cite
Ullah, N., Adnan, S., Mustafa, S. H., Khan, S., Hussain, I., & Ullah, S. (2022). Frequency of Different Neuropsychiatric Manifestations of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus at a Tertiary Care Hospital in Pakistan. PAFMJ, 72(3), 835-39. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i3.7052
Section
Original Articles