Assessment of Frequency and Composition of Renal Stones in a Reference Laboratory of Pakistan

Authors

  • Afshan Bibi Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Aamir Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Maria Riaz Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Zujaja Hina Haroon Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sobia Irum Kirmani Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Haroon Javaid Heavy Industries Taxila Education City, Institute of Medical Sciences, Texila/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i2.6798

Keywords:

Calcium oxalate, FT-IR Spectroscopy, Renal stones

Abstract

Objective: To determine frequency and chemical composition of renal stones in Northern Pakistan using FTIR Spectroscopy.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Jan 2017 to Jul 2020.

Methodology: One thousand and twenty-nine stones were analysed in 3 years at AFIP of patients aged from 1 to 98 years. They were analysed by Automatic FT-IR type IRAffinity-1. The results were verified by manual analysis of spectrograms and then confirmed by standard peaks feed on NICODOM LIBRARY.

Results: Calcium oxalate stones were the most frequent (1065,80.1%), followed by uric acid stones (179,13.5%), mixed stones (44,3.3%), calcium appetite (31,2.3%), struvite (6,0.5%), hydroxy appetite (1,0.1%) and cysteine stones (3,0.2%). Male predominance was noted in patients with renal stones (1057,79.5%). The majority of the patients were from the age group 21 –40 years (47.5%)

Conclusion: Calcium oxalate stones are most commonly followed by uric acid stones in patients of northern Pakistan. The frequency of renal stones is high in male patients.

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Published

28-04-2023

How to Cite

1.
Bibi A, Aamir M, Riaz M, Haroon ZH, Kirmani SI, Javaid H. Assessment of Frequency and Composition of Renal Stones in a Reference Laboratory of Pakistan. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Apr. 28 [cited 2024 May 25];73(2):341-44. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/6798

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