Comparison of the Efficacy of Intravenous Lignocaine and Intravenous Dexmedetomidine in Attenuation of Hemodynamic Stress Response to Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation

  • Raja Nand Combined Military Hospital, Malir/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Shizan Hamid Feroz Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Mirza Sijeel Ahmed Combined Military Hospital, Multan/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Syed Asad Ullah Jafri Combined Military Hospital, Malir/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhsan Sultan Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Niaz Ahmed Combined Military Hospital, Malir/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Dexmedetomidine, Endotracheal intubation, Hemodynamic stress response, Laryngoscopy, Lignocaine

Abstract

Objective: To study the effect of intravenous Lignocaine and Dexmedetomidine to attenuate cardiovascular stress reaction to laryngeal manipulation.

Study Design: Quasi-experimental study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Anesthesia, Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan, from Oct 2019 to Apr 2020.

Methodology: Patients were randomly divided into two Groups by lottery method. Seventy-three were in the intravenous Lignocaine-Group-(A), while 73 patients were in the intravenous Dexmedetomidine-Group-(B). Blood pressure, Pulse rate and ECG were documented at the start of general anaesthesia and after 1, 3 and 5 minutes of intubation. Efficacy was defined if systolic pressure and pulse remained within 20% of the patient's native findings between 1 and 5 minutes after endotracheal intubation.

Results: A total of 146 patients were included in the stud. The mean baseline systolic BP of Group-A was 121.34±4.47mmHg and mean baseline diastolic BP was 80.31±3.57mmHg. While mean Baseline Systolic BP WAS 121.19±4.37mmHg in Group-B and mean baseline diastolic BP was 80.04±3.66mmHg. Efficacy was seen 74% patients of Group-A and 90.4% of Group-B (p=0.009).

Conclusion: Dexmedetomidine 1 microgram/kg blunts the cardiovascular sympathetic reaction to laryngeal manipulation more pronounced than Lignocaine 1.5 milligram/kg without any harmful outcomes.

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Published
2022-11-04
How to Cite
Nand, R., Feroz, S., Ahmed, M., Jafri, S., Sultan, M., & Ahmed, N. (2022). Comparison of the Efficacy of Intravenous Lignocaine and Intravenous Dexmedetomidine in Attenuation of Hemodynamic Stress Response to Laryngoscopy and Endotracheal Intubation. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(5), 1686-89. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i5.6765
Section
Original Articles