OPTIMIZING CLINICAL APPROACH TO THE FORM OF DELIVERY DURING PREGNANCY IN PATIENTS WITH CARDIAC DISEASE; A REVIEW OF THE EFFECTS OF PRACTICE CHANGE BY CONCURRING TO INTERNATIONAL GUIDELINES
Objective: To assess if adherence to international guidelines for pregnant cardiac patients’ mode of delivery is achievable with available local resources.
Study Design: Prospective quasi experimental descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: All Pregnant patients with cardiac disease reporting to Armed Forces Institute of Cardiac Disease/National Institute of Heart Disease (AFIC/NIHD) who were admitted for and were delivered from Oct 2009 to Sep 2011 were included in the study.
Methodology: International guidelines and recommendations for mode of delivery for cardiac patients with pregnancy were followed for patients. Caesarean sections were reserved only for obstetrical reasons and absolute cardiac indications. The patients with first trimester miscarriage were not included. Data was collected on a personal computer Microsoft excel sheet. Frequency was calculated from the data entered. The reduction in caesarean section rate and increase in vaginal delivery rate as per guidelines without an increase in maternal mortality, was the main outcome.
Results: Total of 221 patients were delivered in the 2 year period between October 2009 to September 2011 at AFIC/NIHD. The caesarean section rate the year before 2008-2009 had been 48.6%. After the change in practice by concurring to international guidelines, the caesarean section rate for the 2 year period dropped to 26.7%. The hospital maternal deaths were 5. This was slightly better to the year 2008-2009 which had 3 maternal deaths.
Conclusion: It’s possible to adhere to international recommendations and protocols for pregnant cardiac patients and achieve internationally comparable outcome in terms of mode of delivery without increasing current institutional maternal mortality rate with local hospital resources.