ASSOCIATION OF TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS WITH ABO AND RH BLOOD GROUP
ABO And Rh Blood Group
Objective: To find out the association of type 2 diabetes mellitus with ABO and Rh blood groups.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Haematology, Combined Military Hospital Lahore, from Jul to Dec 2020.
Methodology: A total 179 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 50 healthy individuals were inducted into the study. Five (5ml) blood from the patients was taken via clean aseptic venipuncture in a tube containing EDTA. HbA1C was generated through automated analyzer Cobas c501 and blood grouping was carried out using tube method by an experienced technician.
Results: A total of 179 (77.8%) individuals with diabetes mellitus type 2 and 50 (21.7%) healthy cases were inducted into the study as a control group. A statistically significant difference was observed with blood group B being the most prevalent among them (p=0.001). There was a greater frequency of Rh-negative blood group in patients having diabetes mellitus type 2 as compared to the control group.
Conclusion: There is a strong association found between ABO and Rh blood group with diabetes mellitus type 2. Blood group B negative was the most common among the patients having diabetes mellitus type 2. Blood group O positive showed the least association.