Association of Apolipoprotein B and Triglyceride Levels with Coronary Artery Disease
Objective: To find the association of Apolipoprotein B and triglycerides with coronary artery disease.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Chemical Pathology and Endocrinology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, in collaboration with HITEC Institute of Medical Sciences, Taxila Pakistan, from Mar 2019 to Mar 2020.
Methodology: Four hundred and forty-four individuals of either gender and 18-70 years were included in the study. According to CT angiography, participants were differentiated into those with coronary artery disease and without coronary artery disease. In addition, serum triglycerides were analysed by glycerol phosphate enzymatic endpoint method on ADVIA 1800R Clinical Chemistry Auto analyzer, and apolipoprotein B was analysed on BT1500 Clinical Chemistry turbidimetric analyzer.
Results: The sample population had 144(32.0%) females and 300(68.0%) males. 164(37.0%) patients had coronary artery disease. 120(27.0%) participants were between 35 and 45 years of age, and 96(22.0%) were between 56 and 65 years. 126(30.0%) patients had hypertension, 352(79.3%) had apolipoprotein B levels >130 mg/dl. Positive Pearson’s correlation was found between apolipoprotein B and triglycerides with coronary artery disease.
Conclusion: There is a strong association between apolipoprotein B and non-fasting triglyceride levels with coronary artery disease. The apolipoprotein B can be used as a routine biomarker for screening and treatment monitoring coronary artery disease along with other lipid profile parameters.