Etiological Pattern, Clinical Presentation and Outcome of Patients with Proptosis in a Tertiary Care Hospital

  • Syed Imad Zahir Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Muhammad Usman Khan WAPDA Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Maqsood Ahmad Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Ibrar Hussain Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Jawad Hamayun Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan
Keywords: Aetiology, Clinical features, Outcome, Proptosis

Abstract

Objective: To determine the etiological pattern, clinical presentation and outcome of patients with proptosis in a tertiary care hospital.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Ophthalmology Department, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar Pakistan, from Jan 2019 to Jun 2020.

Methodology: This study was conducted on 60 patients having proptosis. Patients were treated either medically, surgically or both. The demographic profile included age, gender and type of proptosis. The outcome included recovery, re-treatment,referral to the relevant speciality and loss to follow-up, were measured.

Results: Out of 60 patients with proptosis, 39 were males, and 21 were female. Fifty-two patients had unilateral, and 8 had bilateral proptosis, with the majority suffering from non-axial proptosis. On aetiology exhibited tumours (45%), infectious (25%), inflammatory (16.6%), vascular (6.66%) and injury (6.66%). The surgical procedure was indicated in 27(45%) patients,while medical treatment was given in 28(46.6%) patients. Five patients (8.4%) received both surgical and medical treatment. Out of 60 patients, 26 patients (46.33%) fully recovered and 11 patients (18.33%) did not recover, 17(28.33%) patients were referred to other specialities for management, and 5(8.3%) patients lost to follow-up.

Conclusion: In our study, tumours were the main cause of proptosis, followed by infective and inflammatory causes, with the paediatric age group (<18 years) at more risk.

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Published
2023-01-03
How to Cite
Zahir, S., Khan, M. U., Ahmad, M., Hussain, I., & Hamayun, J. (2023). Etiological Pattern, Clinical Presentation and Outcome of Patients with Proptosis in a Tertiary Care Hospital. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(6), 2113-16. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i6.6097
Section
Original Articles