INCIDENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF CORONARY ARTERY ECTASIA IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY AT ARMY CARDIAC CENTER LAHORE

  • Faisal Shafiq Army Cardiac Center Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Ahmad Usman Army Cardiac Center Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Mehboob Sultan Army Cardiac Center Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Khurram Shehzad Army Cardiac Center Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Namra Haroon Shalamar Hospital Lahore Pakistan
  • Osama . Army Cardiac Center Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Angiography, Coronary artery ectasia, Myocardial infarction

Abstract

Objective: To estimate the incidence and characteristics of coronary artery ectasia in patients undergoing coronary angiography.

Study Design: A prospective analysis.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted at Army Cardiac Center, Lahore over a period of two years from Jan 2018 to Dec 2019.

Methodology: Its prospective analysis of all coronary angiograms performed in our catheterization laboratory during study period. Markis classification was the basis to define and classify coronary artery ectasia. Demographical, clinical, and laboratory data were collected for each patient in this study.

Results: A total of 172 (3.9%) out of 4,372 coronary angiograms showed coronary artery ectasia. Among coronary artery ectasia group, mean age 58 ± 10 years, 90% were male, 47% were current smokers, 32% were hypertensive, 15% had diabetes Mellitus and 37% had dyslipidemia. The most common clinical presentation was Non STsegment elevation myocardial infarction (31%), followed by Stable ischemic heart disease in 28%. Right coronary artery was the most frequent coronary artery involved (57%) while Markis Class 3 pattern was seen as most common type of coronary artery ectasia.

Conclusion: The frequency of coronary artery ectasia among our patients undergoing coronary angiography was about 4%. Right coronary artery remained the most common affected artery.

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Published
2021-01-06
How to Cite
Shafiq, F., Usman, A., Sultan, M., Shehzad, K., Haroon, N., & ., O. (2021). INCIDENCE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF CORONARY ARTERY ECTASIA IN PATIENTS UNDERGOING CORONARY ANGIOGRAPHY AT ARMY CARDIAC CENTER LAHORE. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 70(Suppl-4), S876-80. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v70iSuppl-4.6047