Burden of Rota Virus Gastroenteritis in Children Under 5 Years of Age

  • Misbah Noor Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Eijaz Ghani Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Saifullah Khan Niazi Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad Junaid Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Saadiya Khalid Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Noman Shakoor Armed Forces Institute of Pathology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Gastroenteritis, Immunochromatographic testing, Rotavirus

Abstract

Objective: To detect the burden of Rotavirus gastroenteritis in hospitalized and non-hospitalized children under 5 years of age.

Study Design: Retrospective observational study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Virology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, from Jan 2015 to Dec 2019.

Methodology: A total of 527 stool samples were analyzed using rapid immunochromatoghraphic testing kit for Rotavirus. Samples were received from both outdoor and indoor children under 5 years of age presenting with diarrheal illness.

Results: 197 (37.4%) patients were positive for rotavirus antigen in stool while 330 (62.6%) were negative. Mean age of participants was 13.4 months ± 16.6 (range: 1-60 months). Out of 197 (37.4%) stool samples which were positive for rotavirus antigen, 66 (33.5%) were female children and 131 (66.5%) were male children. Maximum positive rotavirus stool antigen was observed in 0-2 years age-group i.e., 173 (33%) while 24 (4.4%) were positive in 3-5 years age-group, 110 (20.9%) rotavirus positive samples were from Inpatient Department while 87 (16.5%) were received from Outpatient Department.

Conclusion: Rotavirus is a frequent cause of viral gastroenteritis in both hospitalized and non-hospitalized children. Maximum positivity is seen in children under 2 years of age.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2022-03-01
How to Cite
Noor, M., Ghani, E., Niazi, S., Junaid, M., Khalid, S., & Shakoor, N. (2022). Burden of Rota Virus Gastroenteritis in Children Under 5 Years of Age. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ), 72(1), 220-22. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i1.5919
Section
Original Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)