RISK FACTORS AND OUTCOMES OF NEW ONSET ARRHYTHMIA IN SURGICAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

New Onset Arrhythmia

  • Sadaf Hanif Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi Pakistan
  • Faisal Shamim Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Sohaib Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi Pakistan
Keywords: Critically Ill patient, New-onset cardiac arrhythmias, Occurrence, Prolong intensive care unit, Surgical intensive care unit

Abstract

Objective: To assess the frequency of new-onset cardiac arrhythmias among patients admitted in surgical intensive care unit as well as associated risk factors.

Study Design: Retrospective observational study.

Place and Duration of Study: Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from Jan 2018 to Dec 2019.

Methodology: The medical record numbers of all patients admitted in surgical intensive care unit were obtained from Surgical intensive care unit case log entries and reviewed. Patients` and healthcare providers` identification were kept confidential. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 19.

Results: Only 13/1076 patients included in the study had cardiac arrhythmias during their stay in Surgical intensive care unit. Among all patients with arrhythmias (n=13), atrial fibrillation was the most common type of arrhythmia 7 (53.8%). The study found higher occurrence of arrhythmias among the patients in the age category of 66 years or above 8 (4.6%) and when compared to younger patients with age categories 18-40 years 2 (0.3%) and 41-65 years 3 (0.3%) respectively (p-value<0.05). Similarly, arrhythmias were higher among patients who had relatively prolong intensive care unit stay and post-operative status as the primary cause of intensive care unit admission.

Conclusion: Occurrence of cardiac arrhythmias is relatively low among patients admitted to surgical intensive care patient population. Patients age (>65 years), prolong intensive care unit stay, post-operative status are positively associated with development of cardiac arrhythmias among critically ill patients admitted in surgical intensive care unit.

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Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
Hanif, S., Shamim, F., & Sohaib, M. (2021). RISK FACTORS AND OUTCOMES OF NEW ONSET ARRHYTHMIA IN SURGICAL INTENSIVE CARE UNIT: A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY. PAFMJ, 71(5), 1880-84. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v71i5.5903
Section
Original Articles