Clinicopathological Analysis of Biopsy-Proven Glomerulonephritis in the Pediatric Patients : A Study from Tertiary Care Centre
Objective: To evaluate the clinic-pathological characteristics and their association with biopsy-proven glomerulonephritis in pediatric patients.
Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study.
Place and Duration of Study: Pediatric Department Nishtar Medical University, Multan Pakistan, from Jan 2014 to Dec 2019.
Methodology: During the study, a total of 211 renal biopsy reports of different age groups were studied and analyzed for clinic-pathological features and patterns of direct immunofluorescence.
Results: The mean age of 8.6±3.25 years was observed. The most common pathology was focal segmental glomerulo-sclerosis in 86 (40.76) of the patients, followed by mesangio-proliferative glomerulonephritis in 41 (19.43) of the patients. Minimal change disease was seen in 26 (12.32) cases. It was observed that the majority of the patients with diffuse proliferative glomerulonephritis were younger than 11 years old, whereas; 10 (11.2), patients with lupus nephritis, 11 (15.1) and membranous nephropathy, 10 (12.2) were comparatively older.
Conclusion: Glomerulonephritis presents a diversified group of diseases with overlapping clinic-pathological features. The present study has reported many significant characteristics which could help diagnose a particular disorder among the pediatric population.