EFFECTIVENESS OF PIRANI SCORE IN PREDICTING SELECTION OF ACHILLES TENOTOMY IN IDIOPATHIC CLUBFOOT: A CASE CONTROL STUDY
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of Pirani scoring system in predicting the need of percutaneous Achilles tenotomy in cases of idiopathic club foot.
Study Design: Case control study.
Place and Duration of Study: Orthopaedic department of CMH Kohat, from Mar 2017 to Aug 2018.
Methodology: This study included newborn babies to the age of 3 months with idiopathic club foot. The patients were treated by Ponseti method. The Pirani Score was calculated at initial presentation before starting treatment with casting according to Ponseti method. After three months percutaneous tenotomy was performed based on progression. The data was analyzed by applying unpaired t-test to determine the statistical significance keeping p-value <0.05. Binary regression was evaluated to determine the odds ratio.
Results: A total of 39 patients were included in study with 67 club feet. There were 26 (66.6%) males and 13 (33.3%) females. The mean Pirani score of patients who had tenotomy was 4.45 ± 0.74, whereas, it was 3.476 ± 0.48 in patients who did not underwent tenotomy (p-value ≤0.001). There were higher odds of tenotomy in patients who have high Pirani score at initial presentation (OR=19.61, p-value ≤0.001). The cut off limit of pirani score beyond which tenotomy was essential was 3.95.
Conclusion: Higher Pirani score was associated with higher chances of percutaneous Achilles Tenotomy in cases of Idiopathic Club foot.