Impact of School-based Oral Health Education on Knowledge, Practice of School Children

  • Shazia Makhdoom Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Liaquat Ali Malik Pakistan Institute of Prosthetic and Orthotics, Peshawar Pakistan
  • Samrina Mohammad Khyber College of Dentistry, Peshawar Pakistan
Keywords: Gingival score, Knowledge, Oral health education, Oral hygiene, Plaque score

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effect of verbal and audiovisual methods of dental health education on knowledge, practice of old school-going children.

Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study.

Place and Duration of Study: Islamia collegiate Middle School for Boys, Peshawar Pakistan, from Dec 2019 to Feb 2020.

Methodology: The study population consists of 272 middle school children aged 10-13 years. After collecting baseline data which consists of a questionnaire regarding knowledge and attitude about oral hygiene followed by recording plaque score,and gingival score, students were randomly allocated into three groups. Group-1 participants received verbal dental health education through charts and pamphlets about oral health, hygiene, and tooth brushing demonstrations. Group-2 received verbal and audio-video sessions about oral hygiene. Group-3(Control-Group) received no intervention. After the intervention,knowledge attitude and plaque score gingival score was assessed.

Results: A statistically significant positive change in dental knowledge and practice score was found in the AudiovisualGroup as compared to the Verbal-Group. Post-intervention mean plaque score of the participants was lowered more in the Audiovisual-Group than in the Verbal-Group. In addition, the post-intervention mean gingival score of the participants was lowered more in the audiovisual group than in the verbal group.

Conclusion: Short-term oral health education programs, including A-V aids, may be useful in improving oral hygiene and gingival health.

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Published
2022-12-30
How to Cite
Makhdoom, S., Malik, L., & Mohammad, S. (2022). Impact of School-based Oral Health Education on Knowledge, Practice of School Children. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(6), 2033-36. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i6.5343
Section
Original Articles

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