ASSOCIATION OF COVID-19 WITH ABO BLOOD GROUPS IN TERTIARY CARE CENTER OF PAKISTAN

  • Afshan Noor Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sunila Tashfeen Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Fahim Akhtar Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Nimra Anwar Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hafeen Ud Din Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Farhan Akhtar Army Medical College/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: ABO blood groups, Corona virus disease-19, Sub acute respiratory syndrome-corona virus-2

Abstract

Objective: To determine the relationship between ABO blood groups and the COVID-19 susceptibility.

Study Design: Cross-sectional analytical study.

Place and Duration of the Study: Department of Pathology, Army Medical College, in collaboration with Pak Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from March to May 2020.

Methodology: The sample comprised of 326 patients. Non-purposive consecutive sampling technique was used with inclusion criteria of COVID-19 patients confirmed by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase-chain-reaction test (RT-PCR) of sub acute respiratory syndrome corona virus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) of all age groups. ABO blood grouping was done by test tube method. The results were compared with recent surveys of ABO blood group distribution in general population of Pakistan.

Results: The ABO blood group distribution of normal population was compared with COVID-19 patients. The blood group A was found to be 122 (37.4%) having significant association with COVID infection and mortality but blood group O had least prevalence 71 (21.8%) with COVID-19 infection. The p-value was calculated using Chi-square test which was p 0.04.

Conclusion: Blood group A had a significant association where as people with blood group O had a least association for COVID-19 infection and severity. The findings of the present study can be used in clinical management of the COVID-19 and that blood group A population is more susceptible to acquire COVID-19 infection, further more can develop complications with high mortality rate. Clinicians should be more vigilant in treating patients with blood group A.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2020-07-30
How to Cite
Noor, A., Tashfeen, S., Akhtar, F., Anwar, N., Din, H., & Akhtar, F. (2020). ASSOCIATION OF COVID-19 WITH ABO BLOOD GROUPS IN TERTIARY CARE CENTER OF PAKISTAN. PAFMJ, 70(1), S251-55. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/4884
Section
Original Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>