Plateletpheresis: A Donors Perspective
Objective: To determine the plateletpheresis procedure adverse reactions as described by donors in a regional blood transfusion centre.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Transfusion (AFIT), Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Oct to Dec 2018.
Methodology: The data of 300 plateletpheresis donors, who underwent the procedure, was collected from the donor record of AFIT. All these donors were contacted through cell phone for interviews. The donors willing to participate were interviewed as per the structured questions.
Results: Out of the 300 plateletpheresis donors contacted, only one was female (0.3%). The 166 (55%) male donors responded and showed willingness for inclusion in the study. The overall experience was described as very good by 89 (54%), good by 52 (31%), satisfactory by 23 (14%) and unpleasant by 2 (1%) donors. No adverse effects were observed in 144 (87%) donors, while 22 (13%) had mild adverse reactions. The 152 (91%) blood donors were willing to donate blood again in future.
Conclusion: Plateletpheresis was considered, by donors, a very safe and pleasant procedure if appropriately performed, taking all necessary precautions. However, chances of adverse reactions exist as in all procedures related to blood donation. Our study shows that the minor common adverse reactions do not limit the donors from future blood donations.