Comparison of Frequency of Sore Throat and Cough after Prophylactic Lignocaine and Beclomethasone in Adults

  • Ahsan Ali Combined Military Hospital Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Niaz Ahmed Combined Military Hospital Malir Cantt/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Huda Shafqat Combined Military Hospital Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Aftab Hussain Combined Military Hospital Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhsan Sultan Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad Akram Combined Military Hospital Lahore/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
Keywords: Beclomethasone, Cough, Lignocaine, Sore throat, Tracheal intubation

Abstract

Objective: To compare the frequency of sore throat and cough after prophylactic Lignocaine versus Beclomethasone in adults undergoing tracheal intubation.

Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study.

Place and Duration of Study: Anesthesia Department, Combined Military Hospital, Lahore Pakistan, from Jun to Sep 2019.

Methodology: A total of 180 patients of both gender scheduled for elective surgery under general anaesthesia with endo-tracheal intubation were recruited for this study. Ninety patients of Group-A received Lignocaine, while 90 patients of Group-B received Beclomethasone. After 24 hours of the procedure, sore throat and cough were assessed from both groups and noted.

Results: The age range in this study was from 18 to 50 years, with a mean age of 34.22±5.31 years in Group -A while 36.57±7.22 years in Group-B. Sore throat was seen in 22(24.4%) patients in Lignocaine-Group (Group-A) as compared to 9(10.0%) patients in Beclomethasone-Group (Group-B) (p=0.010). Cough was seen in 18(20.0%) patients in the Lignocaine-Group as compared to 5(5.6%) patients in the Beclomethasone-Group (p=0.003).

Conclusion: This study concluded that spraying Beclomethasone on the endotracheal tube reduces the frequency and severity of postoperative sore throat and cough in patients given general anaesthesia with endotracheal intubation.

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Published
2022-11-03
How to Cite
Ali, A., Ahmed, N., Shafqat, H., Hussain, A., Sultan, M., & Akram, M. (2022). Comparison of Frequency of Sore Throat and Cough after Prophylactic Lignocaine and Beclomethasone in Adults. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(5), 1585-88. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i5.4816
Section
Original Articles