Determining Association of Paranasal Sinus Abnormalities with Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction
Keywords:Concha bullosa,, Chronic sinusitis, Primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO), Paranasal sinus abnormalities, Septal deviation, Turbinate hypertrophy
Objective: To determine the association of Paranasal Sinus Abnormalities with Primary Acquired Nasolacrimal Duct
Study Design: Comparative Cross-sectional Study.
Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology (AFIO), Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Jul 2021 to Feb
Methodology: A total of 90 patients were included in the study. 40 were part of the control Group while 50 formed the Study Group. Patients presenting with Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction and Sinonasal Abnormalities were included in the study. All Data Analysis was performed using statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) 23.0 software (SPSS inc., Chicago, IL, USA).
Results: The Mean age of control group was 50.0±8.3 years while the mean age of patients in the NLDO group was 53.8±6.5 years. 32(64%) had right sided NLDO while 18(36%) had left sided NLDO. No statistically significant association was found between PANDO and Sino-nasal abnormalities such as Concha Bullosa, Chronic Sinusitis, Turbinate Hypertrophy and Septal Deviation (p=0.05).
Conclusion: No Association was found between Sino-nasal pathologies and their potential role in the development of
PANDO. Further researches are needed on this topic especially ones exploring gender predilection and ethnicity to ascertain
with certainty the potential relation of PANDO with paranasal pathologies.