Association of Hyperuricemia with Hypertension in Patients Presenting in the Outpatient Department for Regular Follow–Up
Objective: To determine the association of hyperuricemia with hypertension in patients presenting in the Outpatient Department for regular follow-up.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of General Medicine, Pak Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Jun 2019 to 2020.
Methodology: Three-hundred patients suffering from hypertension for more than years were recruited in this study. They were evaluated for hyperuricemia during a routine follow-up visit by performing serum uric acid levels.
Results: Out of 300 hypertension patients included in the study, 187(62.3%) had no hyperuricemia, while 113(37.7%) showed the presence of hyperuricemia on routine analysis. The mean age of the study participants was 41.72±6.98 years. The mean duration of hypertension in our patients was 6.61±2.75 years. Polypharmacy and long duration of illness had a significant association with the presence of hyperuricemia among the study participants (p-value<0.001).
Conclusion: Patients with hypertension showed a high frequency of hyperuricemia in our study. The long duration of hypertension and the use of multiple pharmacological agents to achieve adequate control of hypertension predicted raised levels of uric acid among hypertensive attending the routine outpatient clinic in our study.