EFFICACY OF TOPICAL ANAESTHESIA IN REDUCTION OF OCULOCARDIAC REFLEX DURING SQUINT SURGERY

  • Sana Abbas Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Omar Zafar Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Awais Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Beenish Abbas Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Umer Hayat Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Basit Mehmood Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: OCR, Squint, Topical anesthesia

Abstract

Objective: To determine the efficacy of Topical Anaesthesiain reduction of oculocardiac reflex incidence and severity in patients undergoing squint surgery under general anaesthesia.

Study Design: Quasi-Experimental Study.

Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology from Nov 2019 to Mar 2020. \

Methodology: Two sixty-six patients (n=266) enrolled in the study, equally divided into two groups i.e. group A –Topical Anaesthetic 0.5% eye drops (n=133) and Group B–Placebo Eye Drops (n=133). Meticulous Pre anaesthesia assessment, Preoperative preparation and written consent ensured, followed by elective squint surgery under general anaesthesia with standard protocols.

Results: Two sixty-six patients were enrolled in the study with a mean age of 16.22 ± 4.75 years and there were 122 (45.9%) males and 144 (54.1%) females in the study group. At 10, 20 and 30 minutes after the start of the surgery, the heart rate was significantly lower in the placebo group B as compared to group A (73.14 ± 12.9 vs 85.14 ± 17.5, p<0.001, 73.98 ± 7.7 vs 86.51 ± 25.3, p<0.001, and 74.65 ± 7.0 vs 86.14 ± 22.7, p<0.001) respectively. Similarly, the incidence of Oculocardiac reflex was significantly lower in group A, as compared to placebo group B (20.3% vs 43.6%, p<0.001) and significantly lesser number of patients in group A required administration of atropine during the surgery as compared to group B [2 (1.5%) vs 42 (31.6%), p<0.001].

Conclusion: Instillation of Topical Anestheticin squint surgery under general anaesthesia reduce the intensity and severity of oculocardiac reflex. Therefore, alleviating requirement of anticholinergics administration.

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Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
Abbas, S., Zafar, O., Awais, M., Abbas, B., Hayat, U., & Mehmood, B. (2020). EFFICACY OF TOPICAL ANAESTHESIA IN REDUCTION OF OCULOCARDIAC REFLEX DURING SQUINT SURGERY. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 70(3), 855-61. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/4679
Section
Original Articles