EFFECT OF AGE AND GENDER ON ACUTE COPPLICATIONS OF HEMODIALYSIS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE SECONDARY TO DIABETES MELLITUS

  • Ahmad Bilal Combined Military Hospital Kharian/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Fakhar Uz Zaman District Headquarters Hospital, Battagram Pakistan
  • Syed Muhammad Abrar Shifa College of Medicine, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Sheema Rahim District Headquarters Hospital, Mardan Pakistan
  • Mohammad Adil Hussain Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad Pakistan
  • Sajid Ali Shah Combined Military Hospital Skardu Pakistan
Keywords: Atrial fibrillation, Chronic kidney disease, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Hemodialysis, Hypotension

Abstract

Objective: To determine the effect of age and gender on acute complications of hemodialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) secondary to diabetes mellitus.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Medicine, Ayub Teaching Hospital Abbottabad, from Jan 2015 to Oct 2016.

Methodology: Only patients who were diagnosed cases of diabetes for the last 10 years, and were aged between 30 and 65 years were included in the study. Any patient who was suspected to have chronic kidney disease due to any other cause e.g. glomerulonephritis, Polycystic Kidney Disease, analgesic abuse, atherosclerosis, Obstructive nephropathy and chronic hypertension were excluded to control confounding and bias.

Results: Out of these 202 patients, 92 patients (45.54%) patients developed acute complications of hemodialysis. Hypotension was the commonest complication followed by atrial fibrillation, fever and headache. When the acute complications of hemodialysis were stratified according to sex, age and duration of chronic kidney disease, the results were statistically not significant (p 0.28, 0.34 & 0.085 respectively).

Conclusion: This study showed that hypotension is the most common acute complication of hemodialysis followed by atrial fibrillation and fever. The effect of age and gender on acute complications of hemodialysis was statistically insignificant.

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Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
Bilal, A., Zaman, F., Abrar, S., Rahim, S., Hussain, M., & Shah, S. (2020). EFFECT OF AGE AND GENDER ON ACUTE COPPLICATIONS OF HEMODIALYSIS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC KIDNEY DISEASE SECONDARY TO DIABETES MELLITUS. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 70(3), 781-86. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/4660
Section
Original Articles

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