Clinical Course of SARS CoV-2 Infection in Hospitalized Pregnant Patients

  • Asma Ansari Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Asifa Siraj Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sumaira Khan Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Rabiya Jalil Combined Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Abeera Choudary National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Hafsa Khalil Armed Force Institute of Cardiology/National Institute of Heart Disease (AFIC/NIHD)/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Clinical course, COVID-19, Neonatal, Pregnancy

Abstract

Objective: To determine the clinical course and outcome of hospitalized pregnant patients with laboratory confirmed SARS CoV-2 (COVID-19) infection

Study Design: Prospective longitudinal study

Place and Duration of Study: Obstetrics Units of Pak Emirates Military Hospital and Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from May to Jun 2020.

Methodology: All patients reporting for childbirth were tested for SARS-CoV-2, and those testing positive were included. The primary outcome was virus clearance time and categorization according to the severity of the disease into asymptomatic,mild, moderate, severe and critical. Furthermore, a comparison was made between the presence of comorbid conditions and symptoms in the category of COVID-19. In addition, neonatal sample evaluation for SARS-CoV-2 was done.

Results: Out of the 881 women giving birth, 41(4.6%) tested positive for SARS Cov-2. Majority were asymptomatic 28(68.3%)followed by mild 8(19.5%), moderate 4(9.8%) and severe 1(2.4%) category. There was a significant association of the COVID categories with symptoms (p-value<0.005) and comorbid condition (p-value<0.001). The mean virus clearance time was 8.20±1.66 days. During hospital stay 34(82.9%) delivered. All 34(100%) delivered babies had no evidence of vertical transmission.

Conclusion: Pregnant women with COVID-19 infection have a nearly similar clinical course to non-COVID women in this study. There is also no evidence of vertical transmission to the neonate.

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Published
2022-12-29
How to Cite
Ansari, A., Siraj, A., Khan, S., Jalil, R., Choudary, A., & Khalil, H. (2022). Clinical Course of SARS CoV-2 Infection in Hospitalized Pregnant Patients. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(6), 1858-62. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i6.4512
Section
Original Articles

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