THE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DIABETIC DYSLIPIDEMIA AND ANTHROPOMETRIC PARAMETERS LINKED WITH AND WITHOUT DYSLIPIDEMIA IN TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS
Objective: To ascertain and identify risk determinants linked with and without dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetic patients.
Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Fauji Foundation Hospital and Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from Jan 2018 to Jan 2019.
Methodology: Total 90 subjects were divided into three groups; diabetes with dyslipidemia, diabetes without dyslipidemia and controls. Their blood sugar, lipid profile, HbA1c, hepatitis screening and anthropometric data were considered.
Results: Out of 90 patients, females and males were 73 (80.2%) and 17 (18.7%) respectively. Dyslipidemic females displayed higher LDL-C (3.29 ± 0.95) and lower HDL-C (0.74 ± 0.25) values, while males showed high total cholesterol (5.60 ± 1.30) and triglyceride (2.88 ± 1.40) levels. Female dyslipidemics and non-dyslipidemics exhibited highest HbA1c values (8.90 ± 2.25 and 7.81 ± 1.41). Female and male dyslipidemics displayed highest BMI measures (25.27 ± 3.44).
Conclusion: Significant associations were seen among type-2 diabetes mellitus subjects (with and without dyslipidemia) and age, gender, HbA1c, lipid profile, BMI and obesity.