A STUDY OF EXODONTIA IN ARMED FORCES IINSTITUTE OF DENTISTRY RAWALPINDI
Objective: To determine the etiology of tooth extraction in the Patients reporting to Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry (AFID), Rawalpindi, from Jun 2015 to Sep 2015.
Methodology: A total number of 10131 patients reported at the diagnostic department of Armed Forces Institute of Dentistry (AFID) for treatment. Out of them 1769 patients were referred to Oral and Maxillofacial surgery department for tooth extraction. Twenty doctors consulted these patients, three of them classified Oral and Maxillofacial surgeon and the rest of the 17 were postgraduate residents. The patients were divided into three age groups; below 30 years of age, between 30 and 60 years of age and above 60 years of age. The reasons for exodontia were assigned to nine groups.
Results: A total of 2, 167 teeth were extracted in 1, 769 patients (1.23 ± 0.07 teeth per patient), ranging in age from 4 years to 76 years. Overall, dental caries and its sequelae were the most frequent reason for tooth extraction (62.7%), followed by periodontal disease (22.6%). Males were 70.5% and females formed 29.5% of the patients.
Conclusion: Our study indicates that tooth extraction is still very commonly practiced in our society. Dental caries and its sequelae is the leading cause of tooth loss reflecting poor oral hygiene standards and practices adopted by our population.