PREVALENCE AND MANAGEMENT OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH DEMOGRAPHICS

  • Saleha Sadeeqa Lahore College for Women University, Lahore Pakistan
  • Komal Irshad Lahore College for Women University, Lahore Pakistan
  • Hafiza Hina Arshad Lahore College for Women University, Lahore Pakistan
  • Umm e Ammara Lahore College for Women University, Lahore Pakistan
  • Rabia Fiaz Lahore College for Women University, Lahore Pakistan
  • Nazra Islam Lahore College for Women University, Lahore Pakistan
  • Bushra Ali Sherazi Lahore College for Women University, Lahore Pakistan
Keywords: Management, Medication, Polycystic ovary syndrome, Prevalence

Abstract

Objective: To find out the prevalence, lifestyle modifications and medications prescribed in polycystic ovary syndrome.

Study Design: Cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: In different health care settings of Punjab Pakistan, from Jul 2018 to Sep 2018.

Methodology: A structured data collection form was filled by face to face interviews with patients. Female patients with a diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome in the age range of 15-45 years were included and a total of 200 patients participated.

Results: Demographics of the respondents had association with frequency of miscarriage (p<0.001), medication prescribed (p<0.001), physical exercise (p<0.001) and diet plan (p<0.001). Most of the patients had their body mass index in the range of overweight and obese. Treatment included drug therapy in 40% patients and lifestyle modification (regular exercise and dietary changes) were recommended in 60% of the patients. Metformin and contraceptives were most commonly prescribed drugs without causing any significant adverse drug reactions.

Conclusion: It is concluded that polycystic ovary syndrome prevails higher in 30-45 years age, treatment usually starts with drug therapy along with lifestyle changes like weight loss, dietary changes and exercise. Metformin and oral contraceptives were most commonly prescribed drugs.

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Published
2020-04-30
How to Cite
Sadeeqa, S., Irshad, K., Arshad, H., Ammara, U., Fiaz, R., Islam, N., & Sherazi, B. (2020). PREVALENCE AND MANAGEMENT OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH DEMOGRAPHICS. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 70(2), 498-502. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/4218
Section
Original Articles