PREVALENCE AND MANAGEMENT OF POLYCYSTIC OVARY SYNDROME AND ITS ASSOCIATION WITH DEMOGRAPHICS
Objective: To find out the prevalence, lifestyle modifications and medications prescribed in polycystic ovary syndrome.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: In different health care settings of Punjab Pakistan, from Jul 2018 to Sep 2018.
Methodology: A structured data collection form was filled by face to face interviews with patients. Female patients with a diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome in the age range of 15-45 years were included and a total of 200 patients participated.
Results: Demographics of the respondents had association with frequency of miscarriage (p<0.001), medication prescribed (p<0.001), physical exercise (p<0.001) and diet plan (p<0.001). Most of the patients had their body mass index in the range of overweight and obese. Treatment included drug therapy in 40% patients and lifestyle modification (regular exercise and dietary changes) were recommended in 60% of the patients. Metformin and contraceptives were most commonly prescribed drugs without causing any significant adverse drug reactions.
Conclusion: It is concluded that polycystic ovary syndrome prevails higher in 30-45 years age, treatment usually starts with drug therapy along with lifestyle changes like weight loss, dietary changes and exercise. Metformin and oral contraceptives were most commonly prescribed drugs.