THREE-PORT VERSUS FOUR - PORT LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY A TWO YEARS EXPERIENCE AT TWO ARMED FORCES TERTIARY CARE HOSPITALS

  • Muhammad Tariq Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad Hafeez Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Fizza Fatima Nishtar Medical University, Multan Pakistan
  • Umair Khalid Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Shahnawaz Ateeque Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Azka Zainab Combined Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Maha Zainab Nishtar Medical University, Multan
Keywords: Four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Three-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Abstract

Objective: To compare the outcomes of three-port versus four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and assess the safety and efficacy of three-port LC as routine procedure.

Study Design: Retrospective comparative study.

Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital Kohat/CMH Multan, from Oct 2013 to Dec 2016.

Methodology: Total of 403 patients were selected and were divided into two groups based on the principles of non-randomized clinical trial; group A having three-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) and group B having four-port laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Fourth port in right axillary line at umbilicus level was not established in group A. Outcomes were recorded in terms of operating time, complications, pain assessment/ analgesic requirement and hospital stay.

Results: A total of 218 (54.09%) patients in group A and 185 (45.91%) patients in group B were assessed. The difference in terms of verbal pain score, analgesic requirement and duration of hospital stay/return to activity were significant statistically, all being less in group A. Cosmetic outcome as perceived by patients was also better in the group A because of less numbers of scars. Operative time (minutes) was less in group A in our study (35.59 ± 10.75) as compared to group B (50.17 ± 10.14). Results of other variables including intra-operative/post-operative complications were comparable among the two groups.

Conclusion: Three-port LC has advantages of being less painful, with less analgesics requirement and reduced hospital stay without compromising the safety and efficacy. It is more acceptable to patients due to less numbers of scars and better cosmesis.

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Published
2020-04-30
How to Cite
Tariq, M., Hafeez, M., Fatima, F., Khalid, U., Ateeque, S., Zainab, A., & Zainab, M. (2020). THREE-PORT VERSUS FOUR - PORT LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY A TWO YEARS EXPERIENCE AT TWO ARMED FORCES TERTIARY CARE HOSPITALS. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 70(2), 402-08. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/4199
Section
Original Articles