Effects of Low and Standard Intra-Abdominal Pressure on Postoperative Pain in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

  • Afaque Ali Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Zaki Hussain Combined Military Hospital Kohat/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Ayesha Jamal Shifa International Hospital, Islamabad Pakistan
  • Fatima Rahat University of Lahore, Lahore Pakistan
  • Talha Makshoof Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Saqib Islam Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: cholecystectomies, laparoscopic, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Post-cholecystectomy syndrome, Pneumatic Pressure, Post-operative pain

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the effects of low and standard intra-abdominal pressure on post-operative pain in laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Study Design: Comparative prospective study.

Place and Duration of the Study: Department of General Surgery, Pak Emirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi, from Nov 2019 to Feb 2020.

Methodology: The study comprised 53 patients who underwent Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy and were selected for the study. They were randomly divided into two groups by third-party randomization. The first group was operated on under low pneumatic pressure, i.e. 8-12 mmHg and the second group was operated on under high pneumatic pressure, i.e. (≥15 mmHg). The complaint of post-operative pain was evaluated using a visual analogue scale (VAS) in the next 12 hours.

Results: The group that was operated under high pneumatic pressure showed a higher occurrence of post-operative pain (50.9%) than the group that operated under low pneumatic pressure. On the Visual Analogue Scale, 80.0% of patients with high pneumatic pressure showed a pain of score four or more which is very high compared to the other group (p <0.05).

Conclusion: The patients operated for laparoscopic cholecystectomy under low-pressure pneumoperitoneum would suffer from less post-operative abdominal pain, which needs less analgesia and leads to early hospital discharge.

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Published
2022-06-25
How to Cite
Ali, A., Hussain, Z., Jamal, A., Rahat, F., Makshoof, T., & Islam, S. (2022). Effects of Low and Standard Intra-Abdominal Pressure on Postoperative Pain in Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy. PAFMJ, 72(3), 891-95. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i3.4163
Section
Original Articles