ASSOCIATION OF SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC CHAACTERISTICS WITH ACUTE DIARRHEA IN CHILDREN AGED 2-5 YEARS: A HOSPITAL-BASED CASE CONTROL STUDY IN CMH PESHAWAR

  • Ayesha Ehsan Combined Military Hospital, Attock Pakistan
  • Shazia Saeed Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Shazia Saeed Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Fatima Ehsan Islamic International Medical College/Riphah International University, Islamabad Pakistan
Keywords: Acute diarrhea, Children 2-5 yrs, Sociodemographic factors

Abstract

Objective: To determine the relationship of socio demographic factors with acute diarrhea among children being treated in Out Patient Department of Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar.

Study Design: Case control study.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was under taken in family Out Patient Department, Combined Military Hospital (CMH), Peshawar, from Jul 2014 to Dec 2014.

Methodology: Three hundred and sixty three children aged 2 to 5 years were included in the study, out of which 121 were cases with acute diarrhea and 242 were healthy controls (1:2). Data was collected through structured questionnaire asked from mothers.

Results: There was statistical significant association between cases (with diarrhea) and controls (without diarrhea) regarding child’s age, working status of mother and kacha type of house (p<0.01). Statistically highly significant association was also found between rural setting and absence of diarrhea (p<0.01).

Conclusion: Risk factors for childhood diarrhea vary by population with some factors being more important than others in particular settings. Children aged 2-3 years were relatively at a greater risk to develop diarrhea than 4-5 years. Similarly cases (children with acute diarrhea) have also shown a positive association with working status of mothers and urban setting.

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Published
2020-01-27
How to Cite
Ehsan, A., Saeed, S., Saeed, S., & Ehsan, F. (2020). ASSOCIATION OF SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC CHAACTERISTICS WITH ACUTE DIARRHEA IN CHILDREN AGED 2-5 YEARS: A HOSPITAL-BASED CASE CONTROL STUDY IN CMH PESHAWAR. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 70(Suppl-1), S140-45. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/3811
Section
Original Articles