Evaluation of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Nerve Block with Patient Controlled Intravenous Analgesia for Post-Operative Pain Management in Patients with Forearm Surgery

  • Mushtaq Ahmed Chandka Medical College Hospital, Larkana Pakistan
  • Ashfaq Ahmad Combined Military Hospital, Kharian/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Amjad Ali Combined Military Hospital, Kharian/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Kashif Iqbal Tabani Chandka Medical College Hospital, Larkana Pakistan
  • Muhammad Zaib Tunio Chandka Medical College Hospital, Larkana Pakistan
  • Saqib Shah Chandka Medical College Hospital, Larkana Pakistan,
Keywords: Forearm Surgery, Post-Operative analgesia, Patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) Supraclavicular brachial plexus block

Abstract

Objective: To compare the efficacy of supraclavicular brachial plexus block with patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA) for post-operative pain management in forearm surgery.

Study Design: Comparative Cross-Sectional Study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Anesthesia, Combined Military Hospital, Kharian Pakistan, from Sep 2018 to Nov 2019.

Methodology: Eighty-two adult patients, of ASA Class I and II, were enrolled and were randomly divided into two equal groups using computer-generated random numbers. General anaesthesia was administered to both groups. Additionally, Group-A (n=41) received supraclavicular brachial plexus block while Group-B (n=41) received patients-controlled analgesia. Post-operative pain was assessed using a 10 cm visual analogue scale (VAS). The pain scores were noted after complete recovery from general anaesthesia at 5 minutes, 6, 12 and 24 hours.

Results: The pain score was found to be significantly lower in Group-A (supraclavicular brachial plexus block) as compared to Group-B (patients-controlled analgesia) at 6, 12 and 24 hours (p<0.05) while the non-significant difference was noted at 5 minutes (p >0.05).

Conclusion: Significantly, better pain control was noted in supraclavicular brachial plexus block compared to patients’- controlled analgesia in post-operative pain management.

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Published
2022-12-29
How to Cite
Ahmed, M., Ahmad, A., Ali, A., Tabani, K. I., Tunio, M. Z., & Shah, S. (2022). Evaluation of Supraclavicular Brachial Plexus Nerve Block with Patient Controlled Intravenous Analgesia for Post-Operative Pain Management in Patients with Forearm Surgery. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 72(6), 1895-98. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i6.3674
Section
Original Articles