The Frequency of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Adults with Diabetes Mellitus

Authors

  • Raheel Akhtar Yousafzai Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Rafi Ud Din Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Taimoor Ashraf Khan HQ Ghazaband Scouts, Belleli FC Balochistan North Pakistan
  • Ayesha Hamid Department of Radiology, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Abdul Moeed Tariq Department of Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad Ashraf Department of Community Medicine, Amna Inayat Medical College, Lahore (UHS) Lahore Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73i4.3538

Keywords:

Diabetes Mellitus, Lean non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, Non-lean non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Abstract

Objective: To compare the frequency of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in patients with diabetes of different age groups, body mass indexes and duration of diabetes.

Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of General Medicine, Combined Military Hospital, Quetta Pakistan, from Jun to Nov 2019.

Methodology: One hundred thirty-two patients of either gender with diabetes for more than one year were included. All patients underwent ultrasound to scan for fatty liver, and a consultant radiologist confirmed the findings. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was diagnosed as per operational definition.

Results: Of the total 132, 89(67.5%) were males, and 43(32.5%) were females. The mean age of the patients was 49.34±5.76 years. The mean weight of the patients was 72.91±13.40 Kg, the mean height was 1.56±0.09 meters, and 6.35±2.99 years was the mean duration of diabetes. Most patients were 46-60 years (78.8%). NAFLD was seen in 58.5% of patients with diabetes with female preponderance.

Conclusion: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was found to be more frequent in patients of the age group 46-60 years, and also it has a strong correlation with body mass index of >25 kg/m2 and longer duration of diabetes. A significant proportion of patients with diabetes were also found to have ‘lean non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

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Published

30-08-2023

Issue

Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Yousafzai RA, Din RU, Khan TA, Hamid A, Tariq AM, Ashraf M. The Frequency of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Adults with Diabetes Mellitus. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 30 [cited 2024 Jun. 18];73(4):993-5. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/3538