ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERIODONTITIS AND GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS

  • Muhammad Sharjeel Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore Pakistan
  • Khurram Ataullah Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore Pakistan
  • Zubair Ahmed Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore Pakistan
  • Myra Ahmed Fatima Memorial Hospital, Lahore Pakistan
Keywords: Association, Gestational diabetes, Periodontal disease

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate association between periodontal disease and gestational diabetes mellitus.

Study Design: Case control study.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out at Department of Periodontology, Fatima Memorial
Hospital, Lahore, from Jul 2016 to Jan 2017.

Methodology: A total of 140 patients divided into 2 groups i.e., cases & controls (70 in each group) were included the study. Periodontal examination was carried out by a WHO periodontal probe and clinical measurements of periodontal conditions including Bleeding on Probing (BOP), Probing Depth (PD) and Clinical Attachment Level (CAL) were recorded. A single periodontology resident took all the said measurements.
Results: Patients ranged between 20-45 years of age. Mean age of the patients was 31.37 ± 5.07 years and 31.57 ± 4.27 years in cases and controls, respectively. In cases periodontitis was found in 52 patients (74.3%) while 37
patients (52.9%) were having periodontitis in control group. There was an association between periodontal disease and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) (odds ratio 2.58).

Conclusion: In conclusion, periodontitis in pregnancyis found to increase the risk for gestational diabetes mellitus compared to women without periodontitis.

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Published
2020-12-16
How to Cite
Sharjeel, M., Ataullah, K., Ahmed, Z., & Ahmed, M. (2020). ASSOCIATION BETWEEN PERIODONTITIS AND GESTATIONAL DIABETES MELLITUS. PAFMJ, 70(6), 1830-33. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v70i6.3070
Section
Original Articles