CLINICAL PROFILE OF SEGMENTAL VITILIGO IN A GROUP OF PAKISTANI PATIENTS
Objective: To determine clinical profile of segmental vitiligo in a group of patients reporting to Combined Military Hospital Kohat.
Study Design: A descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital Kohat, from Sep 2016 to Aug 2018.
Material and Methods: All new patients clinically diagnosed to be having Segmental vitiligo, were included in the study. A detailed history was obtained, thorough physical examination was performed, and findings were recorded on a specially designed proforma for each patient separately. Computer programme SPSS-14 was used to manage and analyze the data.
Results: Out of 56 patients, 33 (58.9%) were male and 23 (41.1%) were female. Mean age at onset was 7.1308 ± 3.93107 years. The most frequent age of onset of segmental vitiligo was found to be between 5 to 10 years. Average duration of the disease was 2.6271 ± 3.4410 years. Average duration of the disease was 3.5021 ± 4.1041 years in male patients and 1.3717 ± 1.5185 years in female patients. The disease most commonly involved the area of innervation of Maxillary division of Trigeminal nerve followed by thoracic, cervical, lumbar, and sacral dermatome in either sex, in descending order of frequency. Family history of vitiligo was found in 6 (10.7%) patients. Koebner phenomenon was observed in one patient (1.78%). Associated diseases were present in 2 patients (3.57%).
Conclusion: Segmental vitiligo often begins in childhood and often occurs on face.