AWARENESS REGARDING DIABETES AND ITS MANAGEMENT AMONGST PATIENTS VISITING TERTIARY CARE HOSPITALS AND ITS IMPACT ON GLYCEMIC CONTROL

Diabetes and its Management Awareness

  • Anum Khan Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Abdul Rehman Arshad Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Asif Farooq Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Sheharyar Raashid Pak Emirates Military Hospital/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Awareness, Glycemic control, Type-II diabetes mellitus

Abstract

Objective: To assess factors affecting disease awareness in diabetics, and its association with glycemic control.

Study Design: Cross-sectional analytical study.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Medicine, Pak Emirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi from Jan to Apr 2019.

Methodology: Outdoor patients with type-II diabetes mellitus were selected using a consecutive sampling technique. Disease awareness was assessed with a modified Diabetes Knowledge Questionnaire, with scores >70% considered satisfactory. Recent HbA1c levels were used to determine glycemic control (<7% reflecting good glycemic control). Demographic data, including age, gender, level of education, residence, duration of diabetes, mode of treatment, smoking status and co-existing hypertension, were also recorded.

Results: There were 212 patients with equal gender distribution and mean age of 55.90 ± 11.96 years. Of these, 117 (55.18%) lived in rural areas, 77 (36.32%) were educated, 34 (16.03%) were smokers and 121 (57.07%) had co-existing hypertension. The mean duration of diabetes was 81.72 ± 71.67 months (range 3-360 months) and mean HbA1c levels were 9.55 ± 2.56%. Higher HbA1c levels were associated with poorer DKQ scores. The level of education and the duration of diabetes significantly predicted DKQ scores.

Conclusion: Lack of disease awareness leads to poor glycemic control. Better education and longer disease duration impact the understanding of diabetes.

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Published
2021-10-31
How to Cite
Khan, A., Arshad, A., Farooq, A., & Raashid, S. (2021). AWARENESS REGARDING DIABETES AND ITS MANAGEMENT AMONGST PATIENTS VISITING TERTIARY CARE HOSPITALS AND ITS IMPACT ON GLYCEMIC CONTROL. PAFMJ, 71(5), 1815-19. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v71i5.2998
Section
Original Articles

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