ASSESSMENT OF SEVERITY OF ULCERATIVE COLITIS ON FIRST COLONOSCOPIC EXAMINATION
Keywords:Activity index, Colonoscopy, Disease severity, Inflammatory bowel disease, Ulcerative colitis
Objective: To assess the severity of ulcerative colitis on first colonoscopic examination.
Study Design: Prospective cross-sectional (correlational) study design.
Place and Duration of Study: Study was conducted in Gastroenterology Outpatient Department of Pak Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi, from Nov 2017 to Oct 2018.
Methodology: An aggregate of 200 patients within the age range of 12-70 years, were included in the study
through non-probability consecutive sampling. The data was collected by the self-administered questionnaire
including age, gender, stool frequency, P/R bleed, systemic features of ulcerative colitis & colonoscopic findings.
Effectiveness of the procedures was noted on a pre-designed performa and the endoscopic assessment was based upon mayo score severity of colitis graded from Normal (0) to Severe (3). Data was analyzed by using SPSS-19.
Results: The mean age of the participants was reported 38 ± 2.1 years. Out of 200 participants 104 (52%) were
male, diarrhea with PR bleed was positive in 180 (90%) & anemia in 154 (77%). Colonoscopic findings showed
that 72 (36%) were with Left sided colitis (Montreal Class E2) & 82 (41%) with proctitis (Montreal class E1). Severe disease (Mayo endoscopic Score 3) was positive in 118 (59%) patients.
Conclusion: Assessment of severity of UC is important as it determines the long term management & also
valuable for risk stratification to predict the prognosis. Our findings feature the requirement for system level
enhancements to encourage the proper delivery of colonoscopy services dependent on individual risk.
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