COMPARISION OF PRE-OPERATIVE ON DANSETRON VERSUS COMBINATION OF DEXAMETHASONE AND ONDANSETRON FOR POSTOPERATIVE NAUSEA

  • Mansoor Tariq Azim 142 Medical Battalion Gujranwala Pakistan
  • Syed Mukarram Hussain Combined Military Hospital Quetta/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Muhammad Mudasir Saleem Combined Military Hospital Bahawalpur/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Eisha Manzoor Armed Forces Postgraduate Medical Institute/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Mishal Pervaiz Ghurki Trust Teaching Hospital Pakistan
Keywords: Dexamethasone, Elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Postoperative nausea and vomiting, Ondansetron

Abstract

Objective:

To compare the efficacy of ondansetron with a combination of ondansetron and dexamethasone after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy in terms of postoperative nausea and vomiting.

Study Design: Randomized controlled trial.

Place and Duration of Study: Department of Surgery, Combined Military Hospital Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Apr 2014 to Mar 2015.

Materials and Methods:

Two hundred and twenty two patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria were selected for study and divided into two groups of 111 each. Group A was given ondansetron while group B was given combination of ondansetron and dexamethasone at induction of general anesthesia. Patients of both groups were observed at 24 hours postoperatively for nausea and vomiting.

Results:

Sixty six patients in group A had nausea as compared to 50 patients in group B (p-value 0.03), 46 patients in group A had vomiting as compared to 19 patients in group B (p-value <0.001), showing statistically significant difference between the two groups.

Conclusion:

Postoperative nausea and vomiting is significantly lower in ondansetron and dexamethasone combination group as compared to ondansetron alone group after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

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Published
2018-12-31
How to Cite
Azim, M., Hussain, S., Saleem, M., Manzoor, E., & Pervaiz, M. (2018). COMPARISION OF PRE-OPERATIVE ON DANSETRON VERSUS COMBINATION OF DEXAMETHASONE AND ONDANSETRON FOR POSTOPERATIVE NAUSEA. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 68(6), 1711-15. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/2589

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