FREQUENCY OF MICROALBUMINURIA IN THE MIDDLE AGE AND OLDER POPULATION OF PESHAWAR CITY
To determine the frequency of micro albuminuria in the middle age and older population of both genders in Peshawar city of Pakistan.
Study Design: Random control study.
Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out from Jan 2017 to Feb 2017 in Khyber Teaching Hospital (KTH), Peshawar Pakistan.
Material and Methods:
The study was conducted on 118 subjects (Female: 48 & 70 male) aged 45-75 years. Spot urine sample from each subject was quantified for micro albumin and creatinine. The results for micro albuminuria were expressed as ACR (Albumin creatinine ratio/gram of creatinine). Patients were categorized according to ACR results as norm albuminuria (ACR = 20 mg/g Cr), micro albuminuria (ACR = 30–299 mg/g Cr), or macro albuminuria (ACR ≥300 mg/ g Cr).
The percentage of hypertensive (60%) and macro albuminuria patients (8.33%) were higher in female subjects than the male subjects (hypertensive; 25.71%) and macro albuminuria patients (2.86%). The prevalence of micro albuminuria was higher in male (25.71%) than the female subjects (25%).
Micro albuminuria was found to be more prevalent in male than in female while macro albuminuria patients were higher in female than in male.