Online ISSN : 2411-8842
Print ISSN : 0030-9648
Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement
Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal (PAFMJ) is a bimonthly double-blind peer reviewed journal. The editorial board enforces a rigorous peer-review process and ensures application of strict ethical policy and standards in the publication of scholarly articles based on high quality scientific research. The ethical policy adheres to the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) and its code of conduct. In case the editorial board is aware of ethical issues, it is fully committed to investigating and taking necessary action to maintain the integrity of the scientific research and ensure the safety and protection of the research participants.
Ethical Guidelines for Authors
We accept publications/articles from both national and international Authors. An "author" is generally considered to be someone who has made substantive intellectual contributions to a study. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines which state that in order to qualify for authorship of a manuscript, authors must satisfy the following:
Rejected Manuscript – Appeals Authors whose manuscripts have been rejected have the right to send a letter of appeal giving detailed explanations. They are reviewed in-house and a decision is taken accordingly
For complete transparency, all submitted manuscripts should include an author contributorship statement that specifies the work of each author. For research articles with several authors, a short paragraph specifying their individual contributions must be provided.
The following statements should be used: Conceptualization, X.X. and Y.Y.; methodology, X.X.; software, X.X.; Z.Z.; formal analysis, X.X.; resources, X.X.; data curation, X.X.; writing—original draft preparation, X.X.; writing—review and editing, X.X.; supervision, X.X.; administration, X.X.; funding acquisition, Y.Y. All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript.
For review articles, where individual statements are less applicable, a statement should be included that clarifies who was responsible for the ideation, who performed the literature search and/or data analysis, and who drafted and revised the work.
Deceased authors would be included with a death dagger (†) next to the author's name and a footnote stating that the author is deceased along with the date of death.
Plagiarism and Data Fabrication
Plagiarism is not acceptable in Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal plagiarism includes copying text, ideas, images, or data from another source, even from own publications, without giving credit to the original source.
If plagiarism is detected during the initial editor’s triage, the manuscript may be rejected.
It is the policy of editorial committee of PAFMJ to blacklist any author found to be guilty
of plagiarism. The name of author(s) committing plagiarism will also be disseminated to
editors of other medical journals, PM&DC and HEC.
Data presented must be original and not inappropriately selected, manipulated, enhanced, or fabricated.
1) exclusion of data points to enhance significance of conclusions,
2) fabrication of data,
3) selection of results that support a particular conclusion at the expense of contradictory data,
4) deliberate selection of analysis tools or methods to support a particular conclusion.
Research Involving Human Subjects
When reporting on research that involves human subjects, human material, human tissues, or human data, authors must declare that the investigations were carried out following the rules of the Declaration of Helsinki of 1975 (https://www.wma.net/what- we-do/medical-ethics/declaration-of-helsinki/), revised in 2013. According to point 23 of this declaration, an approval from an institutional ethics committee should have been obtained before undertaking the research. A statement including the project identification code, date of approval, and name of the ethics committee or institutional review board should be stated in Section ‘Institutional Review Board Statement’ of the article.
A written informed consent for publication must be obtained from participating patients
who can be identified (including by the patients themselves). Patients’ initials or other personal identifiers must not appear in any images. For manuscripts that include any case details, personal information, and/or images of patients, authors must obtain signed informed consent from patients (or their relatives/guardians) before submitting to Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal. Patient details must be anonymized as far as possible, e.g., do not mention specific age, ethnicity, or occupation where they are not relevant to the conclusions. A template permission form is available to download. A blank version of the form used to obtain permission (without the patient names or signature) must be uploaded with your submission.
Ethical Guidelines for the Use of Animals in Research
Experiments on animals, authors will be asked to indicate whether the institutional and
national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed or not. Manuscripts containing original research on animal subjects must have been approved by an institutional ethical review committee. The project identification code, date of approval and name of the ethics committee or institutional review board must be cited in the Methods Section. For research involving animals, any potentially derived benefits must be significant in relation to harm suffered by participating animals. Authors should particularly ensure that their research complies with the commonly accepted '3Rs'.
Clinical Trials Registration
Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal follows the International Committee of Medical
Journal Editors (ICMJE) guidelines which require and recommend registration of clinical trials in a public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrollment as a condition of consideration for publication. Purely observational studies do not require registration. A clinical trial not only refers to studies that take place in a hospital, but also refer to all studies which involve participant randomization and group classification in the context of the intervention under assessment.
Authors are strongly encouraged to pre-register clinical trials with an international clinical trials register and cite a reference to the registration in the Abstract and Methods section. Suitable databases include; clinicaltrials.gov. Approval to conduct a study from an independent local, regional, or national review body is not equivalent to prospective clinical trial registration. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal reserves the right to decline any paper without trial registration for further peer-review.
Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal requires a completed CONSORT 2010 checklist and flow diagram as a condition of submission when reporting the results of a randomized trial. Templates for these can be found here or on the CONSORT website (http://www.consort-statement.org) which also describes several CONSORT checklist extensions for different designs and types of data beyond two group parallel trials. At minimum, your article should report the content addressed by each item of the checklist.
Authors should ensure that where material is taken from other sources (including their
own published writing), the source is clearly cited and that where appropriate permission is obtained.
Ethical Guidelines for Reviewers
For general guidance on completing a review report, see information for reviewers.
The details here cover some specific ethical issues:
Ethical Guidelines for Editors
The take responsibility for overseeing the integrity of the editorial process. The following provides details on specific ethical aspects of their role. If the assistant editor has ethical concerns about a manuscript sent for review or decision, or receives information about a possible ethical breach after publication, they must contact the editor as soon as possible. Our Editorial Office will then conduct an investigation according to COPE guidelines.
To support academic editors, checks are made by Editor and Assistant Editors.
However, editors should still report any concerns on any aspect. Checks include:
Updating Published Papers
We differentiate between Addendum, Erratum, Corrections and Retractions. Complaints made against papers or requests to update are thoroughly investigated by the Editorial Office with the support of the Editorial Board and final approval by the Editor-in-Chief. Other persons and institutions will be consulted as necessary, including university authorities, or experts in the field.
Online ISSN : 2411-8842
Print ISSN : 0030-9648
PAFMJ is a bi - monthly medical journal of the Pakistan Medical and Dental that publishes new medical research, original articles, review articles, editorial opinions and original case reports on a wide variety of topics on importance to biomedical science, clinical practice, public health and medical education.