Assessment of Endothelial Cell Count Changes Post-Yttrium Aluminium Garnet Laser for Posterior Capsular Opacification

Authors

  • Amna Khan Department of Ophthalmology, Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Abdul Rauf Department of Ophthalmology, Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhammad Haroon Sarfraz Department of Ophthalmology, Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Summaya Khan Department of Ophthalmology, Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Taimoor Ashraf Department of Ophthalmology, Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Nazia Iqbal Department of Ophthalmology, Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v73iSUPPL-2.8286

Keywords:

Capsulotomy, Endothelial cell count ND, Specular microscopy,, Yttrium aluminium garnet laser

Abstract

Objective: The study aimed to assess the effect of Neodymium : Yttrium Aluminium Garnet laser (ND:YAG laser) on
endothelial cell count loss and anterior segment elements.

Study Design: Quasi-experimental.

Place and Duration Of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Ophthalmology, Rawalpindi from Jul 2021 to Feb 2022.

Methodology: A total of 60 patients with a history of posterior capsular opacities planned for Neodymium: Yttrium
Aluminium Garnet laser posterior capsulotomy were included. Specular microscopy was done pre and post-laser to study and parameters such as central corneal thickness, endothelial cell count, intra-ocular pressure was noted. Data were analyzed by using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences version 23 software

Result: After four weeks of Neodymium : Yttrium Aluminium Garnet laser, there was no significant change in the intraocular
pressure (p=0.334), however, the visual acuity improved from 0.6±0.3-0.05±0.1 (p<0.001) along with a decrease in endothelial cell count 2101±485-1919±427 (p<0.001) and central corneal thickness 0.504±0.03-0.502± 0.03 (p=0.010). A similar trend of changes in the parameters was observed for lower (1.0-1.2MJ) and higher energy (2.1-2.5MJ) in the sample for posterior capsulotomy.

Conclusion: Our study concluded that the corneal structural changes occur post-Neodymium: Yttrium Aluminium Garnet
posterior capsulotomy, including changes in endothelial cell count. However, there is no significant disturbance in the
intraocular pressure after the procedure.

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Published

28-07-2023

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Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Khan A, Abdul Rauf, Muhammad Haroon Sarfraz, Summaya Khan, Taimoor Ashraf, Nazia Iqbal. Assessment of Endothelial Cell Count Changes Post-Yttrium Aluminium Garnet Laser for Posterior Capsular Opacification. Pak Armed Forces Med J [Internet]. 2023 Jul. 28 [cited 2024 Jun. 25];73(SUPPL-2):S316-19. Available from: https://pafmj.org/PAFMJ/article/view/8286