EVALUATION OF INJECTABLE IRON SUCROSE THERAPY IN CHILDREN WITH IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA

Injectable Iron Sucrose in Iron Deficiency Anemia

  • Nazir Ahmed Malik Military Hospital/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Sajid Ali Shah Military Hospital/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Syed Fawad Mashhadi Army Medical College/National University of Medical Science (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Children, Iron deficiency anemia, Iron sucrose

Abstract

Objective: The study was designed to evaluate the response of intravenous iron therapy in children who were unable to tolerate oral iron.
Study Design: Quasi experimental study (pre and post treatment design).
Place and Duration of Study:The study period extended over a period of 2 years from Apr 2011 to Apr 2013 and was carried out in Combined Military Hospitals Okara and Panu Aqil cantt.
Material and Methods: One hundred and forty two children selected through non probability purposive sampling having iron deficiency anemia were included in the study. Iron deficiency anemia was diagnosed by measuring hemoglobin (Hb), red cell indices like mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) and serum ferritin. Total iron deficit was calculated using the formula: Total iron deficit (in mg) = Body weight (kg) x (target hemoglobin-actual hemoglobin) {gm/dl} x 2.4 + depot iron (mg). Dose of iron sucrose to be given i/v (ml) = Total iron deficit/2o mg. Pre treatment and three months post treatment mean Hb levels were compared in the sample and stratified according to gender.
Results: Out of 142 patients 87 (61%) were males and 55 (39%) were females. Mean Hb before treatment was 7.85 ± 0.78 gm/dl while three months post treatment mean Hb was 10.29 ± 0.89 gm/dl (p<0.001).
Conclusion: Parenteral iron therapy is a good alternative for children with iron deficiency anemia who cannot tolerate oral iron due to gastro intestinal side effects.

 

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Published
2016-10-31
How to Cite
Malik, N., Shah, S., & Mashhadi, S. (2016). EVALUATION OF INJECTABLE IRON SUCROSE THERAPY IN CHILDREN WITH IRON DEFICIENCY ANEMIA. Pakistan Armed Forces Medical Journal, 66(5), 680-83. Retrieved from https://pafmj.org/index.php/PAFMJ/article/view/790
Section
Original Articles