Comparison of Sphenopalatine Block and Intravenous Paracetamol for the Treatment of Post-Dural Puncture Headache

  • Abid Khan Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Shizan Hamid Feroz Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Sana Iqbal Armed Forces Post Graduate Medical Institute/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Muhsan Sultan Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Sajid Munir Combined Military Hospital Peshawar/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS), Pakistan
  • Waqas Ahmed Armed Forces Institute of Urology/ National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
Keywords: Headache, Paracetamol, Post Dural puncture, Sphenopalatine block

Abstract

Objective: To compare the effect of topical sphenopalatine block and intra venous Paracetamol in the management of post-Dural puncture headache.

Study Design: Quasi-experimental study.

Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital Peshawar Pakistan, from Jan to Aug 2021.

Methodology: This experimental study was conducted on 153 patients who underwent lumbar puncture for any procedure and then suffered from post-Dural puncture headaches. Patients were randomized into two groups. Group A received the topical sphenopalatine block, while group B received the intravenous Paracetamol three doses 12 hours apart. Headache was recorded on Numeric pain score (NPS) 24 hours after the surgical procedure. Comparison in pain relief was compared in both groups at 1 hour, 12 hours, 24 hours and 48 hours.

Results: Out of 153 patients randomized into two groups, 76 (49.7%) were categorized into Group-A, and 77 (50.3%) were categorized into Group-B. 63 (41.2%) were male, while 90 (58.8%) were female. The mean age of patients included in our study was 34.34 ± 4.33 years. Gynaecological/obstetric procedures 70 (45.7%) were the most common indication for lumbar puncture in our study. At 1, 12, 24 and 48 hours, pain relief was statistically significantly better in Group-A than in Group-B (p- value<0.005).

Conclusion: Sphenopalatine ganglionic block emerged as a better option for pain relief among patients suffering from post-Dural puncture headache than intravenous Paracetamol. In addition, immediate and short-term relief was better among patients who used sphenopalatine block.

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Published
2022-07-08
How to Cite
Khan, A., Feroz, S., Iqbal, S., Sultan, M., Munir, S., & Ahmed, W. (2022). Comparison of Sphenopalatine Block and Intravenous Paracetamol for the Treatment of Post-Dural Puncture Headache. PAFMJ, 72(3), 1136-39. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v72i3.7528
Section
Original Articles