THE EFFECT OF INTRAVENOUS MAGNESIUM SULFATE ON CHILDREN ADMITTED WITH ACUTE BRONCHIOLITIS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

  • Andaleeb Ara Armed Forces Institute of Cardiology/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Rawalpindi Pakistan
  • Farooq Ikram Pak Emirates Military Hospital Multan/National University of Medical Sciences (NUMS) Pakistan
  • Hidayat Ullah Frontier Medical College, Abbottabad Pakistan
  • Shakila Asmat Sandeman Provincial Hospital, Quetta Pakistan
  • Nadia Tareen Sandeman Provincial Hospital, Quetta Pakistan
Keywords: Acute Bronchiolitis, Bronchiolitis, Magnesium Sulfate

Abstract

Objective: To assess the efficacy of using intravenous Magnesium Sulfate along with the conventional treatment in the management of acute bronchiolitis

Study Design: Quasi-experimental study.

Place and Duration of Study: Pediatrics department in Sandeman Provincial Hospital, Quetta, from Jan to Jul 2019.

Methodology: The study was approved by institutional ethical committee of Combined Military Hospital, Peshawar. Children, 2 months to 2 years of age, with acute bronchiolitis having clinical severity score of ≥5, presenting to the OPD and emergency department were enrolled in the study after getting informed consent from the guardian. They were randomly assigned group A receiving intravenous Magnesium Sulfate and group B receiving placebo along with the conventional treatment for both. Data was analysed with SPSS-21.

Results: Total 108 patients were included in the study with 54 (50%) in group A and 54 (50%) in group B. Mean age in the study was 12.02 ± 6.421 months. Mean age in group A and B was 11.17 ± 6.40 and 12.87 ± 6.38 months respectively. Out of 108 patients 50 (46.3%) were males while 58 (53.7%) were females. There was statistically significant difference in the efficacy of treatment between two groups with values being 48 (88.9%) and 37 (68.5%) for Magnesium Sulfate and control groups respectively (p=0.01).

Conclusion: From a clinical point of view, intravenous Magnesium Sulfate combined with conventional treatment is more effective than conventional treatment alone in the management of acute bronchiolitis.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Published
2021-12-31
How to Cite
Ara, A., Ikram, F., Ullah, H., Asmat, S., & Tareen, N. (2021). THE EFFECT OF INTRAVENOUS MAGNESIUM SULFATE ON CHILDREN ADMITTED WITH ACUTE BRONCHIOLITIS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL. PAFMJ, 71(6), 2148-51. https://doi.org/10.51253/pafmj.v71i6.6247
Section
Original Articles