A Year of Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) At a Glance. Indications, Interventions, Complications
Keywords:Complications, choledocholithiasis, Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), Haemorrhage, pancreatitis
Objective: To determine the demographics, indications and frequency of interventions and complications endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Gastroenterology, Pak Emirates Military Hospital, Rawalpindi Pakistan, from Jan to Dec 2019.
Methodology: The study included all the elective and emergency ERCP procedures from January 2019 to December 2019.
Results: Out of 1030 patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreaticography, 903 were enrolled. Sixtyone percent of the participants were males. The mean age was 56 ± 16 years, with the majority of the patients lying in the age range of 41-65 years. The most common indication for ERCP in this study was choledocholithiasis (47%), the most common complication encountered was acute pancreatitis (2.1%), and a mortality rate of 0.2% was reported. The complication rate was statistically related to the intervention rather than the age and gender of the patients.
Conclusion: The most common indication for ERCP remains choledocholithiasis, with the most common ERCP complication being acute pancreatitis followed by stent migration. Biliary fistulae, post-surgical biliary leaks and strictures, pancreatic pseudo cysts, acute cholangitis, choledocholithiasis and cholestasis secondary to as cariasis were found in a relatively younger group. The success rate was above 95% for high volume centres.