COMPARISON OF ORAL DOXYCYCLIN EWITH ORAL MONTELUKAST IN THE TREATMENT OF MODERATE ACNE VULGARIS
Objective: To compare oral Montelukast with oral Doxycycline in the treatment of moderate Acne Vulgaris in terms of mean change in acne severity index.
Study Design: Quasi-experimental study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Dermatology, Pak Emirates Military Hospital Rawalpindi, from Mar 2016 to Aug 2016.
Methodology: A total of 84 patients were included in the study. They were randomly assigned to group A and B by consecutive non probability sampling technique. Group A was given 100mg Doxycycline with topical 10% benzoyl peroxide and group B was given 5mg Montelukast with topical 10% benzoyl peroxide. Acne severity index (ASI) was calculated at base line and after one month. Mean change in acne severity index was observed for both the groups.
Results: Independent sample t-test was used to compare the means. Mean post treatment change in acne severity index of group A was 5.45 ± 1.29 and group B was 1.80 ± .59 respectively (p-value <0.001). On post stratification analysis for age and gender results were consistent.
Conclusion: Efficacy of Doxycycline is significantly better in terms of mean change in Acne Severity Index, as compared to Montelukast.