Objective: To measure the differences of lipids including total cholesterol and triglycerides among subjects with or without GDM.
Study Design: Cross sectional comparative study.
Place and duration of study: This study was carried out between Dec 2010 to Jun 2012 at the department of gynecology & obstetrics Pakistan Naval Ship (PNS) Shifa and department of pathology, PNS Rahat.
Material and Methods: Pregnant women who presented in outpatient department of gynaecology between 24-34 weeks of gestation were randomly selected, and were requested to undergo 100 Gm oral glucose tolerance test for diagnosis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). A total of 93 pregnant women were included in the study. Afterwards they were divided in 2 groups on basis of presence and absence of GDM. Later all the patients were analyzed for total cholesterol and triglycerides. Results of triglycerides and total cholesterol were compared among subjects with or without GDM.
Results: The differences for serum triglycerides and total cholesterol were not found to be significant among
subject with or without gestational diabetes mellitus, where 0.05 was considered significant.
Conclusion: There was no difference between serum triglyceride and total cholesterol levels among subjects with or without gestational diabetes mellitus.
Keywords : Gestational diabetes mellitus, triglyceride, total cholesterol, fasting blood glucose.