Objective: To determine the frequency of dyslipidemia in patients of type 2 diabetes with hypertension.
Study Design: Cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital Multan, from Jun 2014 to Dec 2014.
Material and Methods: A total of 145 diagnosed patients of diabetes mellitus aged >35 years, were included through non-probability consecutive sampling. Dyslipidemia was defined on the basis of laboratory report of fasting lipid profile with serum cholesterol >180 mg/dl, serum triglyceride >150 mg/dl and HDL <40 mg/dl in males and <50 in females. The data was analyzed using computer software program SPSS version 19.
Results: There were 145 patients. Males were 78 (53.8%) while females were 67 (46.2%), mean age being 54.27 ± 7.91 years. Mean BMI was 28.63 ± 3.93 years. Total serum cholesterol was found to be >180mg/dl in 83 (57.2%) patients. Serum triglyceride was found to be >150 mg/dl in 102 (70.34%) patients. HDL was found to be low in 116, 145 mg/dl (80%) patients. Mean for total cholesterol level was 202.03 ± 39.24 mg/dl. Mean triglyceride level was 188.85 ± 48.98 mg/dl. Mean HDL level was 38.82 ± 8.32 mg/dl. Hyperlipidemia was found to be present in 117 (80.7%) of the patients. There was no significant effect of age, gender, duration of diabetes, duration of hypertension, BMI and number of smoking pack years on the frequency of dyslipidemia.
Conclusion: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and hypertension are at a high risk of having dyslipidemia and the most frequently identified lipid abnormality in these patients is a low HDL level.
Keywords : Dyslipidemia, Hypertension, Type 2 Diabetes.