PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES
MEDICAL JOURNAL (Category Y)

A Journal of Army Medical & Dental Corps

Being published since 1956

ISSN (online) 2411-8842
ISSN (print) 0030-9648

VOL 68, No. 2, APRIL 2018

DOPPLER ULTRASOUND EVALUATION OF CEREBRAL BLOOD FLOW IN ANAEMIA OF CHRONIC RENAL FAILURE

Muhammad Shahid, Muhammad Saeed*, Saima Irum

Abstract

Objective: To determine mean cerebral blood flow in anemia secondary to chronic renal failure by doppler ultrasound and to compare the results with data gathered from healthy control subjects.
Study Design: Case control study.
Place and Duration of Study: Combined Military Hospital, Lahore, from Jan 2011 to Jun 2011.
Patients and Methods: A total of 60 subjects were included who were divided into two groups. Group I had 30 patients with anemia due to chronic renal failure while group II consisted of 30 healthy control subjects. Doppler for both groups was performed with a 7.5-MHz transducer of  color doppler machine ALOKA SSD-5500 in a dimly lit room with a comfortable temperature (22°C–24°C) after an adaptation period of at least 15 minutes rest, in supine position. The internal carotid and vertebral arteries on both sides were examined in both groups and
 analyzed.
Results: Patients with anemia due to chronic renal failure were found to have increased cerebral blood flow as compared to normal healthy individuals.
Conclusion: Cerebral blood flow increases in patients with anemia due to chronic renal failure.

Keywords : Anemia, Cerebral blood flow, Chronic renal failure.



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