PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES
MEDICAL JOURNAL (Category Y)

A Journal of Army Medical & Dental Corps

Being published since 1956

ISSN (online) 2411-8842
ISSN (print) 0030-9648

VOL 68, No. 2, APRIL 2018

Organism Causing Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Pak Armed Forces Med J 2018; 68 (2): 294-99 294 ORGANISM CAUSING VENTILATOR-ASSOCIATED PNEUMONIA IN CHILDREN PRESENTING AT TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, KARACHI

Mohammad Iqbal, Ameer Ali Jamali*

Abstract

Objective: To determine the prevalence of organism causing ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) in children presenting at Tertiary Care Hospital, Karachi.
Study Design: A cross-sectional descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study has been conducted at MICU of Zia Uddin Hospital Karachi, from Aug 2015 to Jul 2016.
Material and Methods: Patients required mechanical ventilation were included in the study from the age range of 6 months to 15 years. Information for the assessment was retrieved from the hospital databases with hospital’s ethical approval and consent from patients’ parents or guardians.
Results: Prevalence of VAP had been high among males and the children belonging to agerange of 6 months to 4 years. Out of 83 patients, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (38.6%), E. coli (30.1%), Staphylococcus aureus (9.6%), Klebsiella (9.6%), Streptococcus (7.2%) and Acinobacter (4.8%) with VAP.
Conclusion: The need for preventive measures and treatment options to avoid the bacterial colonization in the patients undergoing mechanical ventilation.

Keywords : Children, Mechanical ventilation, Ventilator-associated pneumonia.



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