PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES
MEDICAL JOURNAL (Category Y)

A Journal of Army Medical & Dental Corps

Being published since 1956

ISSN (online) 2411-8842
ISSN (print) 0030-9648

VOL 68, No. 1, FEBRURAY 2018

ASSESSMENT OF SLEEP QUALITY AND PATTERNS SUGGESTIVE OF SOMNIOPATHIES AMONG STUDENTS OF ARMY MEDICAL COLLEGE, RAWALPINDI

Amina Nadeem, Maryam Khalid Cheema, Maryum Naseer, Hamra Javed

Abstract

Objective: To assess sleep quality and sleep patterns among students of Army Medical College, Rawalpindi.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Army Medical College, Rawalpindi, from Mar to May 2017.
Material and Methods: Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI) questionnaire was administered to a total of 567 students. PSQI component and global scores of male and female students were statistically correlated. Excel 2013 was used for statistical analysis of the collected data.
Results: Out of the 567 administered questionnaires, complete responses amounted to 362 (Response Rate: 63.8%); among them, 217 (60%) were females and 145 (40%) were males. Class-wise distribution of the students was as follows: 170 (47%) students from 1st year, 140 (38.7%) from 2nd year, 32 (8.8%) from 4th year and 20 (5.5%) from final year. Mean age of the participants was 19.57 ± 1.48 years (range: 17-25 years). Overall, 124 (34%) students were bracketed as ‘Good Sleepers’ whereas 238 (66%) fell into the category of ‘Poor Sleepers’ with a mean PSQI score of 6.67 ± 2.275. This percentage frequency distribution and mean PSQI score did not differ significantly (p=0.33) between genders. Female students reported significantly lower sedative usage (p<0.001) but greater daytime dysfunction (p<0.001) than their male peers. Furthermore, mean nocturnal sleep period was significantly shorter (p=0.046) for 1st year students as compared to 2nd year students.
Conclusion: Prevalence of poor sleep quality is high among students of Army Medical College and mean
nocturnal sleep period appears to be the most deranged sleep component.

Keywords : Sleep quality, medical students, Pittsburgh sleep quality index.



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