PAKISTAN ARMED FORCES
MEDICAL JOURNAL (Category Y)

A Journal of Army Medical & Dental Corps

Being published since 1956

ISSN (online) 2411-8842
ISSN (print) 0030-9648

VOL 67, No. 5, OCTOBER 2017

ASSOCIATION BETWEEN BONE MINERAL DENSITY AND LOW BACKACHE IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN

Mamuna Qayum, Nomira Waheed*, Waleed Ali**

Abstract

Objective: To determine association between bone mineral density (BMD) and low backache in post menopausal women in general population of Lahore.
Study Design: Descriptive study.
Place and Duration of Study: Gynaecological outpatint department of Punjab Rangers Hospital Lahore
during the period, from Feb 2015 to Feb 2016.
Material and Methods: Screening for association between BMD and low backache in 481 post menopausal women was carried out. Low back pain was considered clinically relevant if the patient complained of moderate to severe pain, or if the patient needed any medical treatment. Their BMD was measured. The measurement site for BMD was the calcaneus of patient. The diagnosis was based on T score. Data was analyzed.
Result: Osteoporosis was found in 303 (88.3%) of 50-60 years age group and 40 (11.7%) of 61-plus years age group.
Conclusion: Bone mineral density was significantly lower in postmenopausal women and there was a strong association between low back ache and decreased BMD value.

Keywords : Backache, Bone mineral density, Osteoporosis, Screening.



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